Rubber Cultivation in Sri LankaPosted Wednesday, September 01, 2021 ( 9 months ago)
Last updated: September 18th, 2021
Rubber cultivation is the second-largest export crop. Rubber cultivation accounts for 8% of Sri Lanka's export earnings. Rubber exports stand out as basic raw material.
Rubber Cultivation Areas
- Most of the Galle districts
- It is also slightly spread in Monaragala districts.
Factors Affecting Rubber Cultivation
- Having a uniform moderate temperature close to 27 (Celsius).
- Annual rainfall of over 2000mm throughout the year.
- Kabok mixed red soil.
- sloping areas.
Trends in rubber cultivation
- Increasing local demand.
Expansion of consultancy services to encourage rubber replanting and preparation for new cultivation. (2005 rubber replanting is 1,448 hectares). Commencement of rubber cultivation in Monaragala district where the rubber has not been cultivated so far. (It is planned to cultivate 40,000 hectares of rubber in Monaragala District within 10 years) Increased demand for natural rubber due to rising production cost of synthetic rubber (rising oil prices).
- Motivation to manufacture tires for three-wheelers.
- Establishment of Thurunu Shakthi Rubber Societies.
- The emergence of new markets due to rubber agreements with countries such as Canada.
Rubber production and trade
Countries that buy rubber products in Sri Lanka
- United States
- European Economic Community
Problems related to rubber cultivation
- Low yield.
- Labour shortage.
- High cost of production.
- Disruptions due to adverse weather conditions.
- Competition due to synthetic rubber.
- Price fluctuation. Rising fuel prices.
- Decreased income from export earnings as a primary raw material.
- The gradual decline of cultivated land.
Steps taken to improve rubber cultivation
- Sri Lanka is involved in international natural rubber agreements for product marketing. As a result, the market is secure. (China-Lanka) A rubber cultivation project has been started by removing old rubber plantations in many parts of the island.
- Plants, fertilizers and other subsidies will be provided there.
- Accordingly, by 2003, about 6000 hectares had been newly cultivated.
- Introduction of rubber species through various researches.
- Agalawatta Rubber Laboratory has introduced high yielding rubber species.
- Utilization of most of the rubber production in the country for local industries in recent times.