Paddy Cultivation in Sri Lanka

Posted Thursday, August 12, 2021 ( 1 year ago)

Last updated: October 16th, 2021

As a single crop, paddy cultivation is deployed in Sri Lanka's most land areas. It covers about 42% of the total land area of the country.

Paddy Cultivation Areas:

Paddy is cultivated in every area of Sri Lanka. The most cultivated land area is in Kurunegala district and the lowest land area is in Nuwara Eliya district. Paddy is cultivated from rainwater in the wet zone and it is mostly irrigated in the dry zone. Paddy is cultivated in Sri Lanka for two seasons.

  1. Yala Season - April to September
  2. Maha season - October to March

There are three main areas under paddy cultivation in Sri Lanka.

  1. Lowland Arid Zone Lands.
  2. Lowland Wet Zone Lands.
  3. Upland.

Required Factors in Paddy Cultivation:

  • Temperature of 21-32 (Celsius).
  • Rainfall around 1900 mm.
  • Waterlogged liquid mixed clay soil.
  • Plains. (To retain water well and to cultivate easily)
  • Dryness at harvest time. (Suitable for paddy cultivation in all other areas of Sri Lanka except a limited part of Nuwara Eliya District)

Related issues in Paddy Cultivation :

  • The debt of farmers.
  • Allotment of paddy lands.
  • Natural disasters (floods, droughts)
  • Low yield. Difficulties in selling paddy.
  • Increased production costs.
  • The shift of workers from labour-intensive other sectors.
  • Filling of paddy lands.
  • Use of traditional agricultural methods.
  • A large number of those engaged in farming are small farmers.
  • The high cost of agricultural equipment.
  • Rising fuel prices.
  • Water supply problems.

Steps taken to resolve issues:

  • Increasing the area of cultivated lands.
  • Agrarian Colony Movement.
  • Creating multipurpose development businesses.
  • Modernization of five great tanks District Integrated Rural Planning Scheme.
  • Introducing new seeds.
  • Introducing new seeds.
    • BG 11
    • BG 8/34
    • 1/400
    • H4
    • BW 267
    • AT 581
    • BG 500
  • Improvement of agricultural project services Providing loans and subsidies Starting a guaranteed pricing system.
  • Farmers' Pension Scheme.
  • Establishment of the Agriculture Development Authority.

Trends in Paddy Cultivation:

  • Increasing the area of ??cultivated land.
  • Fertilizer subsidy. Use of high yielding seeds.
  • Application of new technology.
  • Application of new farming methods.

Paddy cultivation belongs to subsistence agriculture. In addition to paddy cultivation under subsistence agriculture, various crops are cultivated in different areas of Sri Lanka. Mostly in the dry zone grown cereals such as Kurakkan, maize, raw & millet. Vegetables and fruits are also grown in the upcountry and low country.

Some of the oldest paddy varieties in Sri Lanka:

  • Ma vee
  • Dik vee
  • Hinati
  • Herathbanda
  • Suwadal
  • Kalu vee

Paddy Cultivation Paddy Cultivation in Sri Lanka