Ginger Cultivation, Harvesting & Fertilizer Application

Posted Tuesday, December 14, 2021 ( 10 months ago)

Last updated: December 15th, 2021

Scientific name: Zingiber officinale

Genus: Zingiberaceae

History Of Ginger Cultivation

Ginger is believed to have originated in East Asia and has a history of more than 3000 years. Ginger has been used as a spice since ancient times. It is widely used in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Ginger is said to have been used as a medicine by the Roman army during the reign of Emperor Nero. Evidence has been found that ginger was imported to European countries as a spice by 1547 AD. In recent years, ginger has been cultivated as a commercial crop in many countries. Ginger is widely grown in China, India, Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Japan, Nigeria, Pakistan, West Africa, and Taiwan.

Products and Utilities

Ginger is available in raw or dried form. Dried ginger is crushed and used for various products. Pickled raw ginger is popular in East Asian countries, and salted and sweetened ginger products are also available in the Asian market. Ginger oil and oleoresin are used as a spice in curries, bakeries, and other food products, and to some extent in the perfume industry. It is also one of the most widely used ingredients in Ayurvedic medicine to this day.

Ginger Varieties

Several varieties introduced from local and foreign countries are cultivated on a large scale.

Local ginger

A rhizome is small and fibrous. The inside of the rhizome is greyish white. Ginger tastes and smells better than other species. Widely used for drinks.

Chinese ginger

Rhizome large, watery fleshy. The inside of the rhizome is slightly yellow. The taste and aroma are slight. Widely used for pickles.

Rangoon Ginger

The rhizome is of medium size and the rhizome is well divided into fingers. Many of their morphological and physical features are intermediate between native ginger and Chinese ginger.

Soil and Climate Requirements for Ginger Cultivation

Management Soil

Fertile sandy loam soils with good drainage are the most suitable soil type. The pH should be 5.5 to 6.5


Elevation - Ginger is successfully grown in areas up to 1500 m above sea level

Rainfall - Rainfall should be 1500 mm or more. If rainfall is low, crops should be grown under irrigation.

Planting in the field

Ginger is grown on raised beds or ridges. The field should be ploughed to a depth of 35-40 cm and the soil should be crushed. The width of a bed is 105 cm and the length can vary. However, if mixed with coconut, the width and length of the beds can be varied according to the available space. The height of the bed should be about 22 cm and the drain between the two beds should be 45cm wide.

  • Spacing - between rows - 25 cm
  • Between plants - 25 cm
  • Rows per bed04
  • Planting depth - 4–10 cm

Should be planted after the rains. If the beds do not have enough moisture, watering should be done.

Crop Management for Ginger Cultivation

Mulching should be done immediately after field planting to protect against moisture and prevent weeds from emerging. Straw, coir, dried leaves, or coconut leaves are the most suitable mulch material.

Fertilizer application

The pH of the soil in which ginger is grown. Dolomite should be applied when the value is less than 5. About 1-2 tons of dolomite per hectare is sufficient. Dolomite should be applied about two weeks before planting. Dolomite should be applied to the soil and mixed well and should never be applied simultaneously with chemical fertilizers.

Fertilizer recommendation

After weeding, manure should be applied and mulched with soil. Fertilizer is applied with rain. Or water after fertilizing. In addition, glycerides leaves can be added as organic fertilizer, which reduces the need for chemical fertilizers and protects the soil moisture.


Weeding should be done one month after planting. The second weeding is done three months after planting and the beds should be re-mulched to protect against moisture. Drain cleaning and soil clearing are also done along with weeding.

Fertilizer Recommendation for Ginger (Kg / Ha)

Time Organic Fertilizer Urea(Kg) TSP (Kg) MOP (Kg)
At the beginning of the basic fertilizer cultivation



First application - 45 days after planting



Second application - 90 days after planting



Amount of fertilizer (g) to be applied to a bed of 3 ½ x10 feet

Time Organic Fertilizer Urea(g) TSP (g) MOP (g)
At the beginning of the basic fertilizer cultivation



First application - 45 days after planting



Second application - 90 days after planting



Ginger Field Images Harvesting Ginger Root
Ginger Leaves